For centuries, Morocco has been enriched by a variety of ethnicities and religions: Berber, Arab, African; Muslim, Jewish, Christian. Today, while Arabic is the chief language, the Berber language Tamazight is now also an official language; and French and Spanish are used alongside Arabic in business, government, and diplomacy. Morocco has made it a top priority to preserve this diverse heritage.
Because of its rich cultural tradition, Morocco has always been a favorite refuge for artists from abroad; and the country also boasts a thriving artistic sector of its own, including prize-winning literature, film, and popular music. Film, music, and art festivals celebrating Morocco’s cultural diversity take place throughout the country, in Marrakesh, Fez, Essaouira, Casablanca, and Dakhla, among other locales.
Moroccan cuisine is also a diverse blend of Berber, Andalusian, Arab, and Mediterranean cooking. But its most famous dishes, from Couscous to Tagine to Harira, are Berber in origin.