Morocco is a leader in the Arab world on human rights, women’s rights, and religious freedom. For more than 20 years, the country has undertaken substantial initiatives to promote and protect citizens’ rights.
Civil liberties, including freedom of speech, the press, assembly, and association, are enshrined in Morocco’s Constitution. Gender equality is likewise guaranteed under the law. The right to freedom of worship is protected; wives in Morocco share responsibility for family with their husbands and have equal rights to property in divorce; past human rights violations are publicly investigated, and victims and their families compensated.
In 2011, Morocco replaced the existing human rights agency with National Human Rights Council (CNDH), enshrined in the Constitution as a fully autonomous body with increased investigative and monitoring powers. Since March 2011, the CNDH has been active in monitoring human rights at the local, regional, and national levels. CNDH, Morocco’s active civil society, and reform-minded government have worked together to address ongoing human rights challenges through both judicial and legislative mechanisms. In the past year alone, Morocco has made significant advances in its human rights policies in the areas of migration, women’s rights, and the court system.