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Canada charges former Qaeda unit leader Belmokhtar – AFP

Mohktar Belmohktar, former head of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb is charged for his role in the kidnapping of two diplomats. (Photo: AFP)

Mohktar Belmohktar, former head of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, is charged for his role in the kidnapping of two diplomats. (Photo: AFP)

AFP (Ottawa, Canada, June 27, 2013) — Canada lodged charges Wednesday against Mohktar Belmohktar, former head of Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), for his role in the kidnapping of two diplomats five years ago, a spokesman said Wednesday.

AQIM is known for May suicide bombings in Niger that killed at least 20, as well as the dramatic January seizing of a desert gas plant in neighboring Algeria in a siege that left 38 hostages dead, also in retaliation for intervention in Mali.

Back in December 2008 AQIM, snatched Canadian Robert Fowler, U.N. special envoy to Niger, and his assistant Louis Guay west of Niamey. AQIM claimed responsibility in February 2009 for the kidnapping of the Canadian diplomats, and of four European tourists snatched in January 2010.

After more than four months in detention at the hands of the group, the Canadians were finally released after a Malian mediator spoke with Belmohktar.

Federal police (RCMP) filed charges of kidnapping with the intent to raise money for terror against Belmohktar and Omar Ould Hamahathe for snatching the Canadians in Niger in 2008, said RCMP spokesman Laurence Trottier.

While the hostages were abducted in Niger they were released in northern Mali close to the border. Both Mali and Niger have been plagued by Tuareg uprisings in the region making military control of the zone more difficult.

The Sahel, with vast stretches of inhospitable desert, is notoriously difficult to control. Rebel movements and other armed groups roam largely unhindered over borders between the countries.

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